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Paludariums Paludarium - are like building a mini ecosystem encompassing land and water bodies. Create your own rain forest or swamp environment.

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Old 06-30-2010, 10:11 PM   #1 (permalink)
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Default 30 Gallon Paludarium: How to and Journal

I originally posted this on the SFBAPPS forum in Jan of '09. The tank has been running a little over a year an a half now.

****************

At the beginning of November 2009 I won a 30 gallon AGA aquarium as a raffle prize at the SVAS meeting. The last thing I needed was another tank. At the same time, I just couldn't bring myself to sell it. I debated doing a Mbuna tank or other non-plant friendly Africans. Or maybe, cross the line and set up a reef. As appealing as those sounded, I decided to upon setting up a Paludarium to replace the 10 gallon Guppy tank that was in my Son's room.
I was able to get down to a local pond during the Holidays, and do a little fishing. That is where I found the inspiration for the tank I was getting ready to build.


I went to Tap plastics and got a couple sheets of plexy from their scrap bin, and a tube of black silicone. On the same trip I stopped by Pet Club and bought some "lace rock", and in their wood bin I found a bunch of small scraps that I got for very cheap.

First I used the silicone to seal in the plexy sheet:

Then after waiting for it to cure for a couple days, I realized it was the wrong stuff. It was a roof sealant that never hardens. I had to scrape out all of it.... bleh. I went to Home Depot and bought the right stuff in Black and in Brown, they had several colors to choose from. I also bought some expanding foam "Great Stuff".

I built up a berm of foam, and when it had hardened, put some rocks on top and foamed them in place.





Another foam berm in front of the first one.


Next I foamed some more rocks in place to create a step.



I let all of that cure overnight. Then I used a razor knife to trim the foam into a more natural shape. Next, I used the brown silicone to attach the mopani wood scraps and cover some of the exposed foam.





The next step was leak check. Playing with water is always fun. I filled and drained it a few times. The brown silicon practically vanished against the the wood when wet.






I drained it, and took it out to the garage to fill the dry half. First came a layer of medium river gravel. Then a layer of peat, then a layer of perlite. All of that is about 2" thick. For the main part of the soil mixed equal I parts regular planting soil, sphagnum peat moss, sand, and Schultz's aquatic plant soil. That I filled all the way to the top of the plexy. Which is about a half inch below the top of the rocks. On top of that, and in the water area I used the Schultz's mixed with aragonite. At this point I was planning to put some kind of crabs in there.
I placed the rest of the driftwood. In the land area I tried to create the look of an old stump whose roots were growing into the wet area.




Some of the infamous Bali moss. I am hoping to get it to grow up into the splash zone.

I was visiting a friend in San Martin and found this plant. There was a damp patch in his gravel driveway from irrigation runoff, and a nice patch of this native pennywort was growing all along it. It has tiny leaves, very nice.


Some mosses I collected while visiting family in Oregon for Thanksgiving. I hope it is alive enough to revive now that it is in a good environment.

A nice Zebra Nerite:

That setup was running in my garage for a few days. I was using a heater in the water, set to 80deg F, to see if I could maintain the tank temperature and humidity at levels that were good for crabs. Then on Saturday we went to our local aquarium club meeting (SVAS). a friend by coincidence had brought two Newts that needed a new home. I laughed and told him I had just set up a new Paludarium. So, he gave me the two newts. They are about 6" long, Paddle tail Newts. Some sort of Pachytriton species I am pretty sure.
On the Hunt:



Here is the other one


Since these picture were taken I have also added some wild type Neocaridina Heteropoda, and a few small guppies from one of my wifes tanks. These are all feeders of course. Also, I have added quite a bit more plants. C. pygmaeus, C. Parva, E. "kleiner Bar", L. palrustris and B. japonica all in the splash zone to help them transition to emeresed growth. Floating in the water is Water lettuce, Brazilian pennywort and Amazon Frogbit. <Note: In the year since I wrote that I have tried many other plants on the emersed side.>

Lighting: 1x 96w compact fluorescent
Filter: Zoomed Turtle Canister Filter
No heater, these guys like it cool. 70deg is max, with more like 60deg F preferred. I raised the light up on block to reduce radiated heat too. The temp seems to hold between 65 and 68, that is OK for now. But I may need a cooling solution for summertime.


<About 4 months later I posted an update>
I have been taking pictures of the Paludarium, but not really posting them. Every time I look at the pics, they just don't seem to come out right. This tank is hard to shoot, with lots of reflections. It is also not really set up to view the entire tank. It is more a tank to get up close and try to catch the ever changing details.
As I was spending some time looking for my new crabs...and only catch a glimpse here and there of them. Sheesh...3 adult vampires, 3 juvi vampires and 3 Geosesarma sp "blue" (thank you Chris). I realized, that is why the pics of this tank never look good...the pics should reflect how the tank is best observed..up close. So with macro mode on, I popped a few pics... well as you will see maybe more than a few.

A few of the male newt:




He is a surprisingly agile hunter. All the fish and shrimp are his snacks, he also eats fish food. When I put guppies in, he hunts all the pretty males right away... a treat.


The shrimp are culls from my other tanks.




Even moving stuff around, I was only able to take pictures of two crabs. The "cave" the vampire crab is hanging out in is actually the female newts den. When I shine the light in there a few of the blue and vampire crabs found spots in there. The funny thing is, they are standing on the newt..and don't even realize she is there...yet. the newts barely eat the shrimp, so I don't think they will bother the crabs. <crosses>




I didn't bleach or boil the wood, and I have been rewarded with some random stuff growing. Check out these tiny bryophytes... maybe a liverwort type?


My wife went hiking in Henry Coe park when it snowed in January. She bumped a tree, got a shower of snow..and exposed this moss. It is growing nicely... I only started with a tiny piece.


This came from my moms house in Oregon. She has a seasonal creek and pond on her property. They were dry the last time I was there, and I was able to collect about 5 different mosses from around her property, including an aquatic one. in the back you can see some Hygrophila "porto vehlo" growing emersed.


Random mushrooms and weeds sprouting from some frog moss. Look at the green algae(?) on the wood.


I got the Sundew from Chuck Rambo, it has already eaten all the gnats..I may have to buy bugs to feed it. Also, the Selaginella from the pet-co tube is thriving in the splash zone. That is also an emersed variegated Wisteria.


Here is a shot of the whole tank, not it's best view. Still a nice reference.


Finally, here is a short video of the Mist system in action.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=05Q9Qv6cUGM

I am a bit leery of my current combination of animals. Time will tell if it works. Also, I am getting some BGA (cynano) in the land area. I assume it can be taken care of emersed the same way as submerged... clean it off, raise the nitrate dosing...and I guess I can sprinkle some antibiotic on it if that doesn't work?

******
All of those pics were from at least a year ago. Currently the tank still has Crabs on the land portion. The Batik crabs have a lot of personality and like to sit up on the anubias. The male have very large claws, and each has unique markings. The "Blue" and "Carnival" vampire crabs have bred several times and now there are multiple generations of crabbs living all over the land, lots of tunnles. In the water are some Apistogramma caucatoides and the shrimp.

Attached are a few more recent pics.
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Old 06-30-2010, 10:42 PM   #2 (permalink)
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Default Re: 30 Gallon Paludarium: How to and Journal

Wow, now that is awesome. I have never had this type of tankscape. Looks great.
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Old 07-01-2010, 09:26 AM   #3 (permalink)
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Default Re: 30 Gallon Paludarium: How to and Journal

What a beautiful tank.
Very nice job with the Geosesarmas as well.

Thanks for sharing your hardscaping-technique.

Last edited by HX67; 07-01-2010 at 11:27 AM..
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Old 07-05-2010, 12:14 PM   #4 (permalink)
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Default Re: 30 Gallon Paludarium: How to and Journal

Zezmo! We knew each other on aquarium advice back in the day. (I was cz.)

I love that you don't mind hitchikers and think the mushrooms and stuff look super cute. Great tank and awesome howto. Subscribed and looking forward to more updates -- Congrats on the flowers you posted over in the emersed forum, too!
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Old 07-13-2010, 01:23 PM   #5 (permalink)
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Default Re: 30 Gallon Paludarium: How to and Journal

Thank you all

Hiyas Cz, I remember you from Aquarium Advice. Always nice to run into an old friend.
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Old 07-26-2010, 08:55 PM   #6 (permalink)
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Default Re: 30 Gallon Paludarium: How to and Journal

WOW nice job, im going to be starting a paludarium for my GF Asian box turtle soon and this guid/journal is going to be alot of help thank you very much
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Old 08-02-2010, 10:14 PM   #7 (permalink)
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Default Re: 30 Gallon Paludarium: How to and Journal

Thank you

This is just a small update to the Paludarium's journal. The tank has been doing nicely over the summer. It continues to produce way more plants than I can get rid of. I removed a lot of the stem plants in an effort to make the tank a little more maintenance free. Also, a lot of the crabs have matured in the last couple months. I wanted to make viewing them a little easier.

This is the tank with only it's 96w 10,000k bulb on. Most of the rest of the pics use a flash.


The Cryptocoryne sp from "Kota Tinggi" is putting up another spath. This plant is really taking off. Lets hope for some plantlets popping up sometime.


Cryptocoryne hudoroi


The original Geosesarma sp "Blue" are long gone, but luckily they bred first. Here is a second, or even possible third generation "Blue".

Here are the parents of this crab being caught: http://www.garfishindo.com/news2.html

A possible cross between "Carnival" and "Blue"? We will see how his color develops.


This beast in an Anubias nana. Yes, a nana with 3" leaves. It flowers like crazy too. Do you see the "Batik" crab hiding in the middle?


Here is a close up of this oh so cool crab. There is like no info on them, but they are maybe the coolest crabs of them all. They will go in burrows, like vampire. But unlike vampires they will climb on top of the anubias, or the driftwood. They also have much larger claws.


Geosearma sp "Carnival:. The classic vampire crabs. These guys like to live in moist burrows. They like to dig, they breed and molt in these burrows. They also play musical burrows. I see a different crab in each burrow every week or so.


A closeup: Did I mention that I took all these pics with my cell phone. It is just so much easier than getting my "real" digital camera out too.


and a belly shot... a little blurry but it looks like a girl. The shape of the shell pattern on a crabs belly tells you its sex. Girls have a pattern like a mosaic "pyramid" and boys have a belly that looks like a "missle".


One of the Apistogramma caucatoides in the water section. They are hard to shoot as they always turn to face the camera.


A parting shot of the tank. Thank you for looking.
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Old 08-13-2010, 04:16 AM   #8 (permalink)
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Default Re: 30 Gallon Paludarium: How to and Journal

hey, really nice stuff man. i got a question though. do the crab eat the plants? or pick it? nice btw also. i love anubias.
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Old 08-13-2010, 04:17 AM   #9 (permalink)
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Default Re: 30 Gallon Paludarium: How to and Journal

what are those white spots on the log in the last pic?
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Old 08-31-2010, 09:55 PM   #10 (permalink)
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Default Re: 30 Gallon Paludarium: How to and Journal

Excellent looking Palu... like the rock / foam work - and I like the way you've worked out the separation betwn water and land areas...

I am contemplating a 47 high (vertical) Paludarium design now and (really really) want to include a good portion of "aquatic" area as well..

thanks for the extra "fuel" ;0)
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