Aquatic Plant Forum banner
1 - 1 of 1 Posts

·
Registered
Joined
·
53 Posts
I believe iwagumi has two meanings. One is the name given of the three rock arrangement, while the other is the general name given to the technique of stone arrangement. The other word for stone arrangement is ishigumi.

Definition of Sanzon Iwagumi from Jaanus.

Lit. Buddhist triad stone arrangement. The grouping of one large stone with two smaller flanking stones that lean toward the central stone. The stones are likened to Buddhist triads (see *sanzonbutsu 三尊仏) such as Shaka sanzon 釈迦三尊, Amida sanzon 阿弥陀三尊, Yakushi sanzon 薬師三尊 and Fudou sanzon 不動三尊. The central stone is called the chuusonseki 中尊石, while the side stones are called attendant stones or kyoujiseki 脇侍石. In some gardens a worship stone (raihaiseki 礼拝石) is placed in front of the sanzon iwagumi, in this case the raihaiseki is called the dais stone (daizaseki 台座石) or lotus seat stone (rendaiseki 連台石). The term sanzon iwagumi was first found used in the 11c garden treatise *SAKUTEIKI 作庭記, and thereafter appears in most other garden treatises. Sanzon iwagumi may stand alone or may be included as part of a large stone arrangement. The stones may also be called sanzonseki 三尊石.

Definition of Ishigumi from Jaanus:

Lit. stone arrangement. The arrangement of stones for symbolical, functional or decorative purposes in a garden. Together with planting and fence design, ishigumi is one of the three major aspects of Japanese gardens. Three-part ishigumi typically feature a central stone (*shuseki 主石) and two subordinate stones (*soeishi 添石). Also called iwagumi 岩組, common types of stone arrangements include Hourai ishigumi 蓬莱石組, shumisenshiki ishigumi 須弥山石組, sanzonshiki ishigumi 三尊式石組, tsurukame ishigumi 鶴亀石組, gogan ishigumi 護岸石組, *takiishigumi 滝石組, hashi ishigumi 橋石組 shichigosan ishigumi 七五三石組, renzan ishigumi 連山石組.

There are hundreds of different stone arrangements.

On this same topic I have this in my HD, I don´t know where it comes from.

"Garden Components

Rock (Ishi)

Rocks are the bones of the Japanese garden. If you have properly placed your stones in the garden, the rest of the garden will lay itself out for you. The Sakuteiki laid out hundreds of specific stone groupings, each with a specific meaning. These hold little importance today. It is more important for our purposes to know the basic stones and some of the general rules for stone setting.

The basic stones are the tall vertical stone, the low vertical stone, the arched stone, the reclining stone, and the horizontal stone. These stones are usually set in triads but this not always the case. Two similar stones (e.g., two tall verticals or two reclining stones), one just slightly smaller than the other, can be set together as male and female, but we usually use threes, fives, and sevens.

When setting stepping stones they should be between one and three inches above the soil, yet solid underfoot, as if rooted into the ground. They can be set in straight lines, offset for left foot, right foot (known as chidori or plover, after the tracks the shore bird leaves), or set in groups of twos, threes, fours, or fives (and any combination thereof)."

Jaanus
 
1 - 1 of 1 Posts
This is an older thread, you may not receive a response, and could be reviving an old thread. Please consider creating a new thread.
Top